Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease, caused when the hyaline cartilage found at the ends of bones which form a joint starts to break down. The cartilage acts as a shock absorber and provides lubrication to the joint to stop friction during movement. As the cartilage dries out it no longer provides the same cushioning. The bones start to rub together which causes inflammation and overtime the bones of the joints will wear down, and become rough and misshapen.
As the bones are not moving together smoothly, the joint can be very painful, particularly during times of inflammation. The muscles start to protectively splint across the joint, leading to poor range of movement, overcompensation in other areas of the body, and myofascial pain and trigger points.
What causes arthritis?
Arthritis is generally thought of as a wear and tear disease, and is more likely to be found in an older dog. Factors that make it more likely include breed disposition, trauma to a joint and orthopaedic conditions like hip dysplasia. Living conditions and activity levels can also play a large part; a dog receiving daily impact on joints such as repetitive slipping on flooring, or overtraining on jumps will be prone to developing arthritis.
- Stiffness when rising
- Avoidance of petting or grooming in the area
- Slowing down or appearing old before their time
- Less sociable with other dogs
- Crepitus / creaking joints
- Inflammation / heat in the joint
- Reduced range of movement
- Excess licking or nibbling at the joint, can lead to lick granuloma
- Breaks down protective muscle splinting
- Relaxes hypertonic muscles
- Relieves areas of overcompensation
- Improves range of movement
- Reduces Myofascial pain
- Reduces inflammation